How does drinking alcohol during pregnancy affect your baby’s health??


Health Issues: Drinking alcohol at any time during pregnancy can cause serious health problems for your baby. Alcohol includes wine, wine coolers, beer and liquor.

When you drink alcohol during pregnancy, the alcohol in your blood quickly passes through the placenta and the umbilical cord to your baby. The placenta grows in your uterus (womb) and supplies the baby with food and oxygen through the umbilical cord. Drinking any amount of alcohol at any time during pregnancy can harm your baby’s developing brain and other organs. No amount of alcohol has been proven safe at any time during pregnancy.

There’s no safe time to drink alcohol during pregnancy. Alcohol can cause problems for your baby any time during pregnancy, even before you know that you’re pregnant. You may be pregnant and not know for 4 to 6 weeks.

Drinking alcohol during pregnancy increases your baby’s chances of having these problems:

Premature birth. This is when your baby is born before 37 weeks of pregnancy. Premature babies may have serious health problems at birth and later in life.
Brain damage and problems with growth and development
Birth defects, like heart defects, hearing problems or vision problems. Birth defects are health conditions that are present at birth. Birth defects change the shape or function of one or more parts of the body. They can cause problems in overall health, how the body develops, or in how the body works.
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (also called FASDs). Children with FASDs may have a range of problems, including intellectual and developmental disabilities. These are problems with how the brain works that can cause a person to have trouble in learning, communicating, taking care of himself or getting along with others. They also may have problems or delays in physical development. FASDs usually last a lifetime. Binge drinking during pregnancy increases your chances of having a baby with FASDs. Binge drinking is when you drink four or more drinks in 2 to 3 hours.
Low birth-weight (also called LBW). This is when a baby is born weighing less than 5 pounds, 8 ounces.
Miscarriage. This is when a baby dies in the womb before 20 weeks of pregnancy.
Stillbirth. This is when a baby dies in the womb after 20 weeks of pregnancy.

Speaking to Peter Ramphahlele whose a Health Provider in Cosmo City Clinic says people can go local clinic or community health centre for further information or advice on Foetal Syndrome, he also added that women who are pregnant should quit alcohol at all costs. Mr Ramphahlele said “Even moderate consumption of alcohol, of about 2 or 3 drinks per day could present a risk to the development of the baby” He concluded in saying nevertheless Foetal Alcohol Effects and Foetal Alcohol Syndrome are preventable simply by women refraining from drinking alcohol during their pregnancy.
#Adolph Mokonyama reporting for TownshipNews

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